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National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

In order to receive federal funding for any transportation project, NEPA requires a DOT to consider the environmental (natural, cultural and socio-economic) impacts, and to consider a reasonable range of concepts to minimize those impacts.

The Project Team must document their findings in an environmental document. Public involvement is a key part of this process. The community will have additional opportunities to comment during the NEPA process for the Maryland stand-alone project. Stay informed of project development and related public involvement opportunities by visiting the contact us page and sending us your contact information.

When developing a project concept that can be advanced through the stages of Planning, Design,
Right-of-Way, and Construction, the “whole" integrated project should be considered. The project should satisfy an identified need, such as safety, obsolete features, economic development, or insufficient capacity, and should be considered in the context of the local area socioeconomics and topography, the future travel demand, and other infrastructure improvements in the area. Without framing a project in this way, proposed improvements may not meet the project needs or may cause negative side effects which would require additional corrective action.

In order to ensure meaningful evaluation of concepts and to avoid commitments to transportation improvements before they are fully evaluated, FHWA regulations outline the following principles;

Independent Utility


NEPA Process